The museum is a part of Pereiaslav National Historical and Ethnographic Reserve. Created in 1960s, it is the first open-air museum in Ukraine.
The skansen area on the picturesque Tatar Mount is divided into several sections:
a pre-Soviet Ukrainian village of the Middle Cis-Dnipro Region,
crafts and trades of a reformed Ukrainian village,
the earliest period section.
Its total area of 25 hectares contains about 300 items, 122 of them being folk architecture monuments of the 17th to 19th centuries. They include 20 households with dwelling houses and outbuildings, presenting over 20,000 artifacts, such as works of folk craftsmen, lobar tools, household items, archaeological materials, documents, photos.
The skansen also hosts an Embroidered Towel Museum, exhibiting 300 embroidered towels from various regions, a museum of Ukrainian Orthodox Church history and a museum of Ukrainian rituals.